What is sentence fragment with examples? :- One of the biggest problems that people have when they attempt to learn English, and especially to teach English to someone else, is they often find themselves confronted with the question of what is a fragment.
What Is Sentence Fragment With Examples?
A sentence fragment is basically a clause that cannot be called as a true sentence because of its lack of critical components like a subject or a verb or even a meaning out of it.
To simply put it, sentence fragment is nothing but a collection of words that look like a sentence, however, due to the lake of one or more critical components of grammar, it cannot be called as a proper sentence. To make it clear, below is one of the examples of sentence fragment
Example : Because of the heat.
The above example is one of the very basic examples of sentence fragment. As can be seen and read, Because of the heat does not make a complete sentence and does not provide us the intended meaning. What happened because of the heat is incomplete. To complete it and provide the meaning and life to the sentence, yet another phrase is required.
Example: Because of the heat, the party got cancelled.
Well, now that yet another phrase has been added to the sentence fragment, it has become a complete sentence. The clause that has been added to it is the independent clause and the clause “Because of the heat” is a dependent clause.
Dependent Clause: Dependent clause of the phrase in the sentence that is dependent on another clause usually the independent clause to provide the intended meaning to the reader.
In above sentence, the dependent clause is “Because of the heat”. This phrases does not have the subject or verb and cannot provide the meaning as well and is dependent on another clause “the party got cancelled” to provide the meaning. Dependent clause usually begins with the conjunctions like but, because, or, and many more.
Independent clause: Independent clause is the phrase in the sentence that has its own meaning and provides support to the dependent clause. In above example, the clause “the party got cancelled is the independent clause”
Examples of sentence fragments and corrections in it.
A. Sentence fragments without subject.
1. Shows no development in your competence.
Correction: The evaluation of the report shows no development in your competence.
2. Opened the door.
Correction: Anu opened the door.
3. Discovered the vaccine of COVID 19
Correction: Researchers discovered the vaccine of COVID 19
The above examples are few of the sentence fragments that lack the subject itself. Since the subject is missing, the sentence fragments does not provide the intended meaning to the reader. When the subject has been added in correction, the complete sentence has been formed.
B. Sentence fragment without a verb.
1. The time of amazement and wonder
Correction: That was the time of amazement and wonder.
2. The CEO of our office
Correction: The CEO of our office is unpopular.
In above examples, due to missing verb, the sentence could not provide the meaning unless the correction is made. Hence, without the verb, though it might look like a sentence, we get the sentence fragment only.
C. Sentence fragment examples that re only Dependent Clauses.
- Since it rained all day.
Correction: Since it rained all day, the outing got cancelled.
- Because of the constant rainfall.
Correction: Because of the constant rainfall, the picnic got cancelled.
- But, to his shock the lost cat was nowhere to be found.
Correction: Ram had been running around the city, but to his shock the lost cat was nowhere to be found.
- Since I was extremely late.
Correction: Since I was extremely late, I missed the first 20 minutes of the movie.
- Since One Plus was out of stock.
Correction: Since One Plus was out of stock, I decided to purchase Samsung galaxy note phone.
In above examples, the clauses that are given without the correction are the dependent clause. Since it cannot provide the meaning to the sentence unless the independent clause is given, it is just a sentence fragment rather than a sentence itself.
Examples of sentence fragments from famous writers.
- “I’m home, but the house is gone. Not a sandbag, not a nail or a scrap of wire.”
(Tim O’Brien, “LZ Gator, Vietnam.” The New York Times Magazine)
- “Late afternoon. The sky hunkers down, presses, like a lover, against the land. Small sounds. A far sheep, faint barking. Time to drive on, toward Strathpeffer, friends, a phone call from my father.”
(Judith Kitchen, “Culloden,” Only the Dance)
- “He looked levelly at the great red face across the desk. ‘It’s a remarkable case-history. Galloping paranoia. Delusions of jealousy and persecution. Megalomaniac hatred and desire for revenge.”
(Ian Fleming, Moonraker)
- “A squat grey building of only thirty-four stories. Over the main entrance the words CENTRAL LONDON HATCHERY AND CONDITIONING CENTRE, and, in a shield, the World State’s motto, COMMUNITY, IDENTITY, STABILITY.”
(Aldous Huxley, Brave New World)
All through the school and university life, we are taught to form a complete sentence including the subject, verb and object. However, few of the writers and even motivation speakers have opted to form a sentence fragment to convey their meaning without actually abiding by the rules of proper sentence formation.
However, as long as the sentence provides the intended meaning, it is actually okay to form just the sentence fragment. Having said that, if you are thinking of trying to form just the sentence fragment for your intended target audience, make sure the sentence is well written and provide the meaning.
All in all, a sentence fragment is nothing but a group of words that resembles sentence but actually just a phrase that is either missing subject, verb or any other important component of grammar. Usually, to correct the sentence fragment, a subject is added or a verb is added.
In some case, adding an independent clause to the sentence fragment can be a perfectly good way to form a sentence our of a mere sentence fragment. In any way, sentence fragment could be fixed to make it a sentence.