What are complex sentences with examples? :- If a sentence contains one independent clause and one or more than one dependent clause, then that sentence is called complex sentence. This could be confusing. Hence, it is important to understand what dependent clause is and what independent clause is.
Independent clause: An independent clause is that phrase that would still make sense if it were a sentence.
Dependent Clause: A dependent clauses is a clauses that does not form a sentence of its own and the reader cannot get the meaning out of a dependent clause.
When these two types of clauses; dependent clauses and independent clause appear in one sentence, then a complex sentence is created.
Examples of Complex sentences
Consider following example
“ I like to take notes before I write an article.”
In this example, there are two clause. I like to take notes is an independent clause. This sentence would still make a perfect sentence giving meaning.
Before I write an article – however, is an independent clauses. This sentence does not make a complete sentence. To give the meaning, it is dependent on the first clause that is I like to take notes.
“While Jay is very passionate football fan, he prefers basketball more”
Similarly, this is a second form of complex sentence where the dependent clause comes first while the independent clauses comes later in the sentence. In the above example, “While Jay is very passionate football fan” is the dependent clauses that starts with the conjunction.
Similarly, “He prefers basketball more” is the independent clauses. In this type of complex sentence, the dependent clause and independent clauses are separated by the comma in between. The basic rule is that the user separate the dependent clause and independent clause by the comma.
What Are Complex Sentences With Examples
Below are 20 complex sentence examples to make the concept of Complex sentence simple.
A. Complex sentence examples where dependent clause comes first:
In all below examples, the dependent clause that begins with a conjunction (Subordinating Conjunctions) comes first. All these dependent clauses and independent clauses are separated by a comma.
- Since Ram was extremely late today, he will be deducted a day’s pay.
- While Jay is very passionate football fan, he prefers basketball more.
- Although I am considered smart, I failed all the exams last year.
- Despite the constant rain, Martha does not like to wear her fur coat.
- Because it rained all day, the basketball match delayed.
- Because the food was very hot, I cooled it off from the microwave oven.
- Although he is really wealthy, he is still not happy.
- Because Ram had to catch the bus on time and all us had very less time, we forgot to take our passport with us.
- Although the movie was long, it was still enjoyable.
- Although I am good at writing, it is sometimes difficult to construct ideas.
B. Complex sentence examples where dependent clauses follow the independent clause. Below are the examples of complex sentences where the independent clause comes first while the dependent clause comes later.
- Ram did not see us at the train station because Mary and I arrived at the train station before noon.
- I did not call Neena because Neena arrived late after many classes she had to attend.
- I realized Neena was late while I waited at the train station alone.
- Neena realized that I was waiting for her at the station after I had left her behind.
C. Complex sentence examples where there are two independent clause and two dependent clause. Below are the compound complex sentences where there are two dependent clauses and two independent clauses
- After everyone left home, although kitchen was messy, Ram left the dishes out and Mary went to bed.
In this example, it could be difficult for few to separate the dependent and independent clause. So, below is the breakdown
After everyone left home: Dependent Clause
Though kitchen was messy: Dependent clause
And Mary went to bed: Independent clause
Ram left the dishes out: Independent clause.
Other common examples that are applicable in day to day conversation and are said by the well known personalities like Dalai Lama, Arthur C Clarke, David Haye and many more.
- “When a distinguished but elderly scientist states that something is possible, he is almost certainly right. When he states that something is impossible, he is very probably wrong” (Arthur C. Clarke)
- “We can never obtain peace in the outer world until we make peace with ourselves”. (Dalai Lama)
- “Wise men speak because they have something to say. Fools speak because they have to say something” (Athenian philosopher Plato)
- “Even though he’s a moron, I supported Tyson Fury” (Boxer David Haye)
- “Both the cockroach and the bird would get along very well without us, although the cockroach would miss us most”. (Joseph Wood Krutch, 1893-1970)
Examples of Complex Sentences from well known Literature
Below are few of the examples of complex sentences from the famous literature.
- “Because he was so small, Stuart was often hard to find around the hou”
E.B White – Stuart Little
- “I’ve never any pity for conceited people, because I think they carry their comfort about with them.”
George Eliot – The Mill on the Floss
- “And now that you don’t have to be perfect, you can be good.”
John Steinbeck — East of Eden
Hence, if a sentence has one independent and at least one dependent clauses, that the sentences is called complex sentence. The dependent and independent phrases are connected by the subordinating conjunction where the conjunction can either be used to start the sentence or at the middle of the two clauses to establish relationship between the sentences.
Hopefully the examples listed above can help you understand what complex sentences are and how to establish relationship between the dependent and independent clauses that form the complex sentence.