How to Make Sure Your Sentence Is Correct?
If you have read any grammar book, you would have realized that the grammarians try to solve the thousand problems and trivia every day. One of them is ‘how to write an object in a sentence’. This is the second most asked question by students after knowing the order of the nouns. Learning how to write an object in a sentence will help you understand the grammatical rules better. Here’s a quick guide on how to write an object in a sentence.
In English, there are two types of pronouns – the pronouns that end in “in” and the ones that don’t. There are also two kinds of verbs – the transitive verbs and the intransitive ones. The language only distinguishes the one from the other with the words “to”, “from”, “up”, “into”, “and” etc. But you can classify the sentences into two types of verb and a whole lot more. Let’s see how to classify sentences into two groups – direct and indirect.
In English, it is easy to write a direct object in a sentence. A subject always comes before an object in a sentence. Take for example – “The man loves his bike”. In this example the word “him” has already been inserted before the word “bike” to form the subject.
The same thing happens with the other verbs. When you write a sentence with “he” as a subject, you need to insert a word indicating the possession of the subject. For example – “The man loves his bike”. Again, this is an imperative pronoun but you don’t need to write “he loves” in front of it anymore.
Here comes the second difference between an imperative and an indirect object in a sentence. With the imperative, you are forcing the subject into a position where he has to take an action (be what is in the verb). This is called a bind. In this case, “the dog bought the shirt” is not a valid sentence because it makes the subject to take an action.
As for the other objects, you can use either a pronoun or a preposition. Take the sentence “The dog likes the sun.” In this example, the object “the sun” has already been implied with the verb “likes” so there is no need to add an object pronoun. Or you can use a preposition “on” or “for” to indicate that the object is fixed in place.
Finally, let’s discuss the last component I talked about, the linking verb. With an imperative, you have to link the subject complement to the verb. You don’t need to do this with a comparative clause because the order of the clauses doesn’t change the meaning of the relative clause.
Here’s the final word on subject complements. In English, we usually say “the orange cat likes you” and that’s the subject in the sentence. But in Spanish, you can also use “leluya estas” which means “your orange cat likes me.” So when the sentence is written, “the orange cat likes me” is the subject but “leluya estas” is the verb. Think of it as a bridge between “the orange cat likes me” and “leluya estas.”
If you think about the example above, you’ll realize that there’s a problem with the second sentence. The object of the verb “leluya estas” isn’t the subject of the verb “was” so the sentence doesn’t make sense. If you fix this one problem, you’ll be able to use the link preposition “was” with relative clauses to get much better results. If you work through a few other examples with these techniques, you should be able to write a complete sentence using the perfect tense for indirect object.
An exercise I like to teach students is to translate sentences where the verb agrees with the object. A perfect example would be “A man loves his bike.” In this example, “he” is the subject and “his” the predicate. You translate this sentence by replacing “his” with “it” for the Predicate and adding “or” to the Verb.
One last tip: Sometimes it can help to know whether your object is a direct object or a subject. Look at the example above again. Although the verb is a subject in this sentence, it’s really a preposition. In that case, “cooked popcorn” would be a correct word compared to “I cooked popcorn”.